Research

Research with Impact

Professor Gonzales and his research team has published over 60 peer-reviewed studies, and they have co-authored or co-led studies in high impact journals.

According to Google Scholar, Professor Gonzales has been cited over 1,800 times. His research has also been cited in national reports on LGBTQ+ health and by the editors at NEJM to support marriage equality. In collaboration with Kitt Carpenter and Tara McKay of Vanderbilt University, his research has been funded by grants from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Professor Gonzales' research has received widespread media attention from diverse sources, such as CNN, The Daily Mail (UK), Reuters, The Guardian (UK), and The Rush Limbaugh Show. In 2016, Professor Gonzales was awarded the Chancellor’s Award for Research on Equity, Diversity and Inclusion for my research on LGBTQ+ health at Vanderbilt University.

LGBTQ+ Health Research

Professor Gonzales uses large, nationally representative surveys to monitor health disparities and to measure the impact of federal and state policy changes on health outcomes for LGBTQ+ populations.

Originating in an era without large-scale data on sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI), Professor Gonzales' research started with studying same-sex couples in census data. Then, as national surveys began collecting SOGI data, his research explored new and groundbreaking topics in LGBTQ+ health.

Sexual Minority Health Disparities

Same-Sex Couples & Health Insurance

Changes in Access to Care Among Sexual Minorities

Pregnancy Among Sexual Minority Women

Marijuana Use by Sexual Orientation

Health Disparities Among Transgender Adolescents

Barriers to Care Among Transgender Adults

Marriage Equality & Health

The ACA & Health Insurance Among Same-Sex Couples

Health Care Spending Among Same-Sex Couples

Access to Care, Marriage & Sexual Orientation

The Orlando Nightclub Shooting & LGB Mental Health

Health Policy & Population Health Research

Professor Gonzales also conducts research examining the impacts of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and other health care reforms on vulnerable populations, including low-income families, racial and ethnic minorities, and populations living with mental illness. Collaborating with other scholars, Professor Gonzales has documented that public health insurance expansions through Medicaid increased health insurance coverage and reduced out-of-pocket medical spending for low-income families and individuals, particularly for individuals living with mental illness or psychological distress.

Medicaid Eligibility & Mental Health Services Utilization

Medicaid Expansion in California

High Speed Internet Access & Marketplace Coverage

Access to Care by Mental Health Status

Vulnerable Youth & Adolescents

A third theme of Professor Gonzales' research focuses on disparities in health care and the social determinants of health (SDoH) among vulnerable children, youth, and adolescents. Building on top of his LGBTQ+ health research, he developed and led new explorations on access to care for children with LGBTQ parents. He has also researched how the social determinants of health (SDoH) and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) affect health outcomes among children in the United States.

Economic Recessions & Children's Mental Health

LGBTQ+ College Students During COVID-19

Measuring ACEs in Administrative Data

Health Insurance Among Children with Same-Sex Parents